Stanford’s Geological Library Map Of London And Its Suburbs 1878 MAPCO : Map And Plan Collection Online Home Page

Stanford’s Geological Library Map Of London And Its Suburbs 1878

Brent Lodge, River Brent, Brent Reservoir, Midland Railway, Willesden Paddocks, Clitterhouse Farm, & Dollis Hill Lane Golder's Green, Finchley Road, & Child's Hill Finchley, Lodge Hill, Bishop's Wood, Turner's Wood, Ken Wood, Kitchen Gardens, North End, Hampstead Heath, & Vale Of Health Brewhouse Wood, Churchyard Bottom Wood, Edgware Highgate And London Railway, Fitzroy Park, Highgate, Highgate Cemetery, Highgate Ponds, & Upper Holloway Crouch End, Mount Pleasant, Edgware Highgate And London Railway, Stroud Green, Tottenham and Hampstead Junction Railway, & Upper Holloway Tottenham, The Hermitage, New River, Finsbury Park, New River Reservoirs, Great Northern Railway, New River Water Works, & Newington Park Tottenham, New River Reservoirs, Great Eastern Railway, Upper Clapton, Clapton Common, Abney Park Cemetery, Newington Park, & Stoke Newington Common East London Water Works Reservoirs, River Lea, Great Eastern Railway (Cambridge Line), Walthamstow, Upper Clapton, Leyton Marsh, East London Water Works Canal, & East London Water Works Filter Beds Walthamstow, Walthamstow Cemetery, Mark House Common, Leyton, & Low Leyton Marsh Knott's Green, Epping Forest, Forest Farm, Phillibrook Stream, Woodford & Loughton Branch Railway, & Leyton
Midland and South West Junction Railway, Lower Oxgate Farm, Midland Railway, Rushy Common, Child's Hill Station, Edgware Road, Cricklewood, Willesden, Metropolitan Railway Kingsbury Extension, Brickfields, & Brondsbury Park Child's Hill, Cricklewood, Hampstead Cemetery, Finchley Road, Shoot Up Hill, West End, Brondsbury Park, Hampstead Junction Railway, Paddington Cemetery, Kilburn, & St John's Wood Cricket Ground Hampstead, Hampstead Heath, Hampstead Ponds, South End, Finchley Road, Belsize Park, St John's Wood, & Primrose Hill Highgate Ponds, Traitors' or Parliament Hill, Dartmouth Park, New River Reservoirs, Hampstead Junction Railway, Midland Railway, Kentish Town, Primrose Hill, & Camden Town Upper Holloway, Lower Holloway, City Prison, Camden Town, Metropolitan Cattle Market, Pentonville Prison, & Barnsbury Great Northern Railway, Newington Park, Stoke Newington, Highbury, North London Railway, Barnsbury, & Canonbury Stoke Newington, Shacklewell, Great Eastern Railway, Hackney Downs, Ball's Pond, Kingsland, Dalston, & London Fields North Mill Fields, East London Water Works Filter Beds, South Mill Fields, Hackney Downs, Lower Clapton, Homerton, Great Eastern Railway, North London Railway, Hackney, London Fields, Hackney Common, & Victoria Park Leyton, River Lea, Great Eastern Railway (Cambridge Line), Hackney Marshes, Hackney Wick, Epping Forest, Wanstead (Detached), High Meads, Great Eastern Railway (North London Junction), Victoria Park, East London Water Works Reservoir, & Stratford Marsh Leyton, Woodford & Loughton Branch Railway, Wanstead, Stratford New Town, West Ham, Great Eastern Railway, & Stratford
Hampstead Junction Railway, Kensal Green, Kensal Green Cemetery, Kensal New Town, Wormwood Scrubs, Brick Fields, West London Junction Railway, & Hammersminth and City Railway Paddington Cemetery, Kilburn, Kilburn Vale, North Western Railway, Kilburn Park, Kensal Green, Kensal New Town, St Peter's Park, Great Western Railway, Kensington Park, & Westbourne Green St John's Wood, Metropolitan & St. John's Wood Railway, Primrose Hill, Portland Town, Regent's Park, Edgware Road, & Paddington Primrose Hill, Camden Town, Regent's Park, & Marylebone Agar Town, Islington, Somers Town, Bloomsbury, High Holborn, & Lincoln's Inn Fields Islington, Pentonville, Hoxton, Clerkenwell, St. Lukes, Holborn, & Finsbury Circus Hackney, North London Railway, Haggerstone, Hoxton, Bethnal Green, Liverpool Street Station, Spittlefields, Mile End New Town, Whitechapel, & Tower Hamlets Victoria Park, Bethnal Green, Globe Town, Victoria Park Cemetery, Great Eastern Railway, Mile End Old Town, & Tower Hamlets Old Ford, North London Railway, Great Eastern Railway, Bow, Stratford, Mile End Old Town, City of London and Tower Hamlets Cemetery, Blackwall Extension Railway, London Tilbury & Southend Railway, Bromley, & Tower Hamlets Stratford, West Ham, Great Eastern Railway, London Tilbury & Southend Railway, Imperial Gas Works, West Ham Abbey Marsh, North Woolwich Railway, Bow Creek, & Canning Town
Brick Fields, West London Junction Railway, Norland Town, Notting Dale, Hammersmith & City Railway, Shepherds Bush, Kensington & Richmond Railway, Spring Vale, & Hammersmith Notting Dale, Kensington Park, Bayswater, Notting Hill, Metropolitan Extension Railway, Kensington Gardens, Holland Park, Kensington, & Earls Court Paddington, Bayswater, Kensington Gardens, Hyde Park, The Serpentine, Kensingtion, International Exhibition, Knightsbridge, Metropolitan District Railway, & Brompton Oxford Street, Hyde Park, Mayfair, Piccadilly, Green Park, Buckingham Palace, St James's Park, Victoria Station, & Westminster Soho, Strand, Whitehall, Westminster, River Thames, Lambeth Bridge, Westminster Bridge, Charing Cross Rail & Foot Bridge, Waterloo Bridge, & Lambeth Fleet Street, Ludgate Hill, St Pauls, Cheapside, River Thames, Blackfriars Bridge, Southwark Bridge, London Bridge, & Southwark Goodman's Fields, Blackwall Railway, The Tower, St Katharine Docks, London Docks, Wapping, The Thames, Upper Pool, Horsley Down, Southwark & Bermondsey Limehouse, Blackwall Railway, Ratcliff, Shadwell, London Docks, Wapping, The Thames, Lower Pool, Southwark Park, Southwark, Surrey Commercial Docks, & Rotherhithe Limehouse, Poplar, Blackwall, West India Docks, Millwall, Millwall Docks, Isle of Dogs, Limehouse Reach, & River Thames Bromley Marsh, East India Docks, Blackwall, Bow Creek, River Thames, Blackwall Reach, Bugsby's Reach, & Bugsby's Marshes
Hammersmith, District Railway, Fulham, River Thames, Barn Elms Park, & Barnes North End, District Railway, West London Junction Railway, West London Cemetery, West Brompton, Walham Green, Eel Brook Common, Sands End, Parso Green, & Fulham Old Brompton, West Brompton, Brompton, Chelsea, London Junction Railway, The Town Meadows, River Thames, Battersea Reach, Battersea Bridge, Albert Bridge, Chelsea Reach, Battersea, & Battersea Park Pimlico, Chelsea, River Thames, Chelsea Reach, Chelsea Suspension Bridge, Victoria Bridge, Battersea Park, & London & South Western Railway Westminster, Millbank Penitentiary, River Thames, Vauxhall Bridge, Albert Embankment, Lambeth, Kennington, South Lambeth, & North Brixton Walworth, London Chatham & Dover Railway, North Brixton & Camberwell Walworth, South Eastern Railway Station, South Eastern Railway (Bricklayers Arms Extension), Old Kent Road, Grand Surrey Canal, Peckham New Town, Peckham, & Camberwell Southwark Park, Deptford, London Brighton & South Coast Railway, South Eastern Railway, Peckham New Town, Hatcham, & New Cross Isle Of Dogs, The Thames, Greenwich Reach, Deptford, Deptford Creek, New Cross, & Greenwich Isle Of Dogs, Cubitt Town, The Thames, Greenwich Reach, Greenwich, & Greenwich Park
Fulham, The Thames, Putney Lower Common, Putney, & Lower Park Fulham, Market Gardens, Hurlingham Park, The Town Meadows, River Thames, Putney Bridge, Wandsworth Bridge, River Wandle, London & South West Railway (Richmond and Windsor Branch), Wandsworth, & West Hill The Town Marshes, River Thames, Battersea Reach, Battersea, London & South Western Railway, West End & Crystal Palace Railway, Wandsworth, Surrey County Prison, & Wandsworth Common Clapham, Clapham Common, & Clapham Park Stockwell, Clapham, West Brixton, & Clapham Park East Brixton, South London Railway, London Chatham & Dover Railway, Herne Hill, South London & Sutton Junction Railway, & Dulwich Camberwell, South London Railway, South London & Sutton Junction Railway, East Dulwich, Nunhead, Peckham Rye, Dulwich, & Camberwell Cemetery Nunhead, Telegraph Hill, Peckham Rye, Nunhead Cemetery, Newlands, South London Railway, London Brighton & South Coast Railway, South Eastern Railway, & Brockley Hill Park New Cross, North Kent Railway, Lewisham, Ladywell, Mid Kent Railway, & Lewisham Park Blackheath, Granville Park, North Kent Railway, Lee, Eastdown Park, Lee Green, & Hither Green
Putney Heath, Wimbledon Common, & Wimbledon Wandsworth, Dunts Hill, Wimbledon Park, London & South Western Railway, Carrat, Summers Town, Wimbledon, & Tooting Merton & Wimbledon Railway Wandsworth Common, Carrat, Upper Tooting, Summers Town, Lower Tooting, & Tooting Graveney Balham, West London & Crystal Palace Railway, Upper Tooting, Tooting Common, Tooting Bec Common, Tooting Graveney, Streatham Park, & Manor Park Roupell Park, West London & Crystal Palace Railway, South London & Sutton Junction Railway, & Streatham Knight's Hill, South London & Sutton Junction Railway, London Chatham & Dover Railway, Dulwich, West Dulwich, Norwood Cemetery, & Lower Norwood Dulwich, London Chatham & Dover Railway, Peckham Wood, Lower Norwood, & Upper Sydenham Forest Hill, London Brighton & South Coast Railway, South Eastern Railway, Brockley Hill Park, Perry Vale, Perry Hill, Upper Sydenham, Bell Green, & Lower Sydenham Mid Kent Railway, Rushy Green, Perry Hill, Broad Mead, Ravensbourne River, & Southend Hither Green, Lee Cemetery, & Southend
Wimbledon, Cottenham Park, & London & South Western Railway London & South Western Railway, New Wimbledon, Tooting Merton & Wimbledon Railway, Wimbledon and Croydon Railway, & Merton New Wimbledon, Tooting Merton & Wimbledon Railway, Merton, & Mitcham Manor Park, Tooting Merton & Wimbledon Railway, South London & Sutton Junction Railway, Mitcham, & Streatham Steeple Chase Course Streatham Common, Balham and Croydon Extension, Streatham Steeple Chase Course, & Croydon Upper Norwood & South Norwood Crystal Palace, London Brighton & South Coast Railway, South Eastern Railway, & Anerley Lower Sydenham, London Brighton & South Coast Railway, South Eastern Railway, Penge, London Chatham & Dover Railway, & Mid Kent Railway Mid Kent Railway, Beckenham Place, London Chatham & Dover Railway, & Beckenham Ravensbourne River, Southend, Bromley Hill, Bromley, & London Chatham & Dover Railway

Explanation Of The Geological Colouring
Post Pliocene Tertiaries
Eocene Tertiaries
Eocene Tertiaries
Alluvial Deposits
Light Buff - Alluvial Deposits
Lower Bagshot Beds
Cadmium - Lower Bagshot Beds
Oldhaven Beds
Violet - Oldhaven Beds
Light Green - Chalk
Brick Earth
Yellow - Brick Earth
London Clay
Brown - London Clay
Woolwich & Reading Beds
Purple - Woolwich & Reading Beds
Gravel & Sand of various ages
Burnt Sienna - Gravel & Sand of various ages
Thanet Sands
Dark Green - Thanet Sands

The Map

Title: Stanford’s Library Map Of London And Its Suburbs; Or, Stanford's Geological Library Map Of London And Its Suburbs.
Slipcase Title: Geological Library Map Of London. Stanford.
Other Titles (aka): Stanford’s Geological Map Of London And Its Suburbs.
Mapmaker: Edward Stanford
Publisher: Published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross Road SW, May 1st 1878.
Scale: On A Scale Of 6 Inches To 1 Statute Mile, Or 1 Inch To 880 Feet
Date of Map: Corrected to 1 January 1877. Originally published 15 February 1877.
Date Published: 1 May 1878
Size: On 4 sheets, each 865mm Wide x 990mm High (34" Wide x 39" High)
Total Size: 1730mm Wide x 1980mm High (68" Wide x 78" High)
Extent: Crouch End - Greenwich - Anerley - Hammersmith
Description: Hand-coloured map, dissected and mounted on linen. 80 sections each measuring 170mm Wide x 245mm High (6¾" x 9½").

Large scale and highly detailed map of London, with geological colouring overlay by James B. Jordan of the Mining Records Office.

Recorded in Hyde as No. 91 (13). Ralph Hyde dates this as published 15 February 1877 (corrected to 1 January 1877), being Edition 12 of Stanford's Library Map, but republished with the geological colouring on 1 May 1878.

Click To View Slipcase
Stanford's Library Map of London was originally issued on 24 sheets with an Index Map. The Sheet Number and a "Key To Adjoining Sheets" was printed in the top margin of each sheet.

To produce the map displayed here, the 24 sheets were hand coloured and then trimmed, dissected, and laid on 4 separate linen backing sections. The resulting 4 folding maps were sold in an embossed book-spine slipcase, labeled "Geological Library Map Of London" by "Stanford" on the spine.

The 4 folding maps were assembled from the 24 sheets as follows:

   Sheet 1
   Sheet 2
   Sheet 5
   Sheet 6
   Sheet 9
   Sheet 10

   Sheet 3
   Sheet 4
   Sheet 7
   Sheet 8
   Sheet 11
   Sheet 12

   Sheet 13
   Sheet 14
   Sheet 17
   Sheet 18
   Sheet 21
   Sheet 22
   Sheet 15
   Sheet 16
   Sheet 19
   Sheet 20
   Sheet 23
   Sheet 24

Lines where each of the 24 sheets join can be clearly seen in the thumbnail map image at the top of this page. It is interesting to note the slight variation in hand colouring of the various sheets, showing that the original sheets were coloured in bulk before being dissected for mounting on linen. This is most apparent in the Brick Earth colouring of Sheets 3 & 7.
Sheet 1 Sheet 2 Sheet 3 Sheet 4
Sheet 5 Sheet 6 Sheet 7 Sheet 8
Sheet 9 Sheet 10 Sheet 11 Sheet 12
Sheet 13 Sheet 14 Sheet 15 Sheet 16
Sheet 17 Sheet 18 Sheet 19 Sheet 20
Sheet 21 Sheet 22 Sheet 23 Sheet 24

The map was announced to the world by Henry Woodward of The Geologists Association, in their July 1878 edition of The Geological Magazine, thus:

Page 322     Reviews – Stanford’s Geological Map of London.

Scale 6 inches to a mile. The Geology compiled from the Maps, etc., of the Geological Survey by J. B. Jordan. 24 Sheets in Portfolio, with Index. (1878.)

THE Geological Survey, having published no other map than the ordinary one, on the scale of an inch to the mile, Mr. Stanford has boldly come forward to supply the want of a larger one, using for the purpose his well-known "Library Map of London." The work is substantially the same as that which forms the surface of the large model of London in the Museum of Practical Geology, and as Mr. J. B. Jordan was employed in the colouring, etc., of that model, our enterprising publisher has done well in securing his services in the compilation of the geological information.

The area of the district represented may be judged from the places shown near its corners, which are as follows:— Wimbledon on the S.W., beyond Hampstead on the N.W., Leyton on the N.E., and Beckenham on the S.E. The formations shown by distinctive colours are Alluvium, Brickearth, Gravel and Sand, Lower Bagshot Sand, London Clay, Oldhaven Beds, Woolwich and Reading Beds, Thanet Sand, and Chalk. It will be seen, therefore, that those surface-deposits of gravels, brickearth, etc., which have so much effect on the character of the ground, although of small thickness, are not neglected, but are shown equally with the thicker formations (London Clay, Chalk, etc.). It has not been thought advisable, however, to distinguish the gravels of different ages (though this is done on the above-mentioned London Model), those of older date occurring in such very small areas as to make the expense of employing two additional colours not worth incurring.

Of course this map does not pretend to compare for accuracy with the "Six-inch" Maps of various northern parts issued by the Geological Survey, the geology on which has been actually surveyed on that scale; it is of necessity, to a great extent, an enlargement of the “One-inch” Map, as far as the geology is concerned; though not altogether, as may be seen from the description of the London Model in the little "Guide to the Geology of London," published by the Geological Survey.

Each of the 24 sheets can be had separately, or the whole mounted together on a roller, so that the map can be made available for the pocket, the book-case, or the lecture-room.

So far as we know there is no other case, but that of the late Mr. Sanders' large map of Bristol, of the publication of a geological map on so large a scale, as a private enterprise— such things are left to Government Surveys— and therefore we trust that in the present instance both publisher and compiler may be well rewarded.     W.
(Source: The Geological Magazine: Or, Monthly Journal Of Geology: With Which Is Incorporated "The Geologist." Nos. CLXIII. To CLXXIV. Edited by Henry Woodward, LL.D., F.R.S., F.G.S., F.Z.S. London, 1878.)

The 'Guide To The Geology Of London And The Neighbourhood' by William Whitaker, B.A., F.R.S., was originally planned as an illustration of the Geological Model of London. The Geological Model of London was constructed under Whitaker's superintendence during the years 1872 and 1873, and was housed in the Geological Museum in Jermyn Street.

The 'Guide...' describes the Geological Model of London in great detail, beginning thus:
"The Model of London and the Neighbourhood was placed in the Geological Museum in the summer of 1873. The horizontal scale is 6 inches to the mile (a scale that was taken of necessity, because it is that of the Ordnance County Maps), and as the dimensions represent a length of about 15 miles from east to west, and a breadth of about 11 miles from north to south, it follows that the area shown is about 165 square miles. The boundaries of this area may be seen from the description of the four sections along the edges of the Model."
The book records the following about the origin of Stanford's Geological map:
"A large map of London, on the scale of six inches to a mile, was coloured geologically in 1876, and hung up in the Jermyn Street Museum. It covers almost exactly the same ground as the Model, being a trifle larger southward; and the same colours have been used in both. In 1878 Mr. Stanford published a similar geological map, which was compiled by Mr. J. B. Jordan."
Refer to information on the Geologic Time Scale for details of the Pliocene, Eocene, and Cretaceous geological periods.

How To Use These Map Pages

Use the thumbnail map at the top of each page to navigate your way around the map.

Hovering your mouse pointer over the thumbnails will highlight the individual sections, and display a pop-up message showing the northern and southern extent of that map section, or significant streets, buildings and places. Click the desired area to jump to a page displaying a full size image of that map section. You will need to scroll down the page a little to see the image of the map.

A coloured thumbnail image on the thumbnail map at the top of the page will show you which section of the entire map you are currently viewing.

Click To Enlarge

Once you are viewing the desired map section, you can click on the map image to view an enlarged image of that section. Clicking on the map image allows you to switch back and forth ('toggle') between the normal sized image and the enlarged view of the section.



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